Rhodes is the capital of the Greek island of the same name and one of the oldest medieval cities of Europe. The Colossus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, used to stand at the harbor. Rhodes was founded by the Knights of St. John as a Christian bastion against the 'pagan' East. The old part is surrounded by a medieval city wall of almost 4 kilometers long.
The city has approximately 55,000 inhabitants, almost half of the total population of the island.
The oldest part of Rhodes City is located at the far northeast of the island, opposite the southwest coast of Turkey. The newer parts of the city lie west and south of the old center. There's an even older part of the city, from the Greek antiquity, but only ruins remain, about 2 kilometers southwest of the town that was founded by the Christians.
Rhodes City has an important port where agricultural produce from the inland are exported like cotton, fruit, grain and tobacco. The tobacco is partially processed on the island itself in cigarettes. Tourism forms the main source of income. Visitors aren't only attracted by the beautiful old city, but also by the island's beaches. Part of the port is used as a marina.
The island's airport, Rhodes International Airport (also: Diagoras International Airport), is situated 20 kilometers southwest of Rhodes City. It's easily reachable via the highway which runs along the coast and encompasses the entire island. From the city center you can reach the airport by rental car in approximately 20 minutes.
Bus transportation within the city is exploited by the company RODA. The service isn't very reliable though and the material is old. The connections with other places on the island, serviced by KTEL, are better. The central bus station of Rhodes City lies near the Neá Agorá, the New Market. Every half hour a bus leaves for Faliráki, which stops at all large hotels on the east coast.
Cars aren't allowed in the old center of Rhodes City but motorbikes are. It's difficult to park in the center of the newer part, but outside that area you'll have no problem finding a parking place. The main roads run along the east and west coast and are well-maintained. When you leave the main roads, it's a different story: the small inland roads are often unpaved.
Rhodes City has a good choice of accommodations ranging from budget guesthouses to luxurious hotels in medieval buildings. Keep in mind though that the city center is also an entertainment center. If you like peace and quiet, it's better to look for a room outside the center. You can for example rent houses inland, but in that case a rental car is recommended.
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