Newcastle was founded by the Romans as a fortress on Hadrian's Wall, which was constructed to repel the attacks by Scottish tribes. The city's full name is Newcastle upon Tyne, to distinguish it from two other cities with the same name. The logo of the city is the Tyne Bridge, which connects Newcastle to Gateshead. It is a compact and attractive city, which is known for its nightlife and cultural events. The Rough Guide to Britain calls Newcastle’s nightlife one of Great Britain's main tourist attractions!
The city has a population of 250,000, but in the urban area around Newcastle live almost one million people. A Newcastle resident is also called a Geordie. Where this title comes from is unknown, but according to some people it refers to the city's loyalty to King George II.
Newcastle is on the north bank of the River Tyne (Gateshead is located on the south bank), in the northeast of England, near the border with Scotland.
During the Industrial Revolution, Newcastle developed itself as the center of the coal mines. There were also big shipyards along the lower reaches of the Tyne. With the disappearance of these heavy industries Newcastle fell into disrepair, but the city has been recovering slowly. Nowadays, it's a trendy city, especially known for its energetic nightlife, cultural institutions and events. For the British, it is one of the most popular destinations for a weekend trip. Furthermore Newcastle has evolved into a science center, specialized in the field of biotechnology.
Newcastle airport is located ten kilometers northwest of the city. From the center of Newcastle, the airport is 15 minutes per rental car. You follow the highway A1 north and take exit A696. This road leads to the airport. The exit is clearly indicated on road signs.
Newcastle has good public transport, consisting of subways and buses. The underground has two lines, which run parallel to each other in the center. You can get to any destination in and outside the center of Newcastle by bus.
It may be difficult to find a parking for your rental car in the street. Fortunately, there are many other possibilities to park you car. There are as many as nine parking garages and almost forty parking lots in and around the center of Newcastle. Furthermore, you can park your rental car at one of the P+R facilities at metro stations Callerton Parkway, Kingston Park and Regent Centre.
Newcastle has a good range of accommodations, from youth hostels and guesthouses for backpackers to luxury hotels with that typical British atmosphere. Furthermore there are several possibilities to rent an apartment, for short or long term. The two tourist offices (on Quayside and at the Central Arcade) can assist you in finding accommodation. As Newcastle is a popular destination for city trips, we recommend you to book your hotel well in advance, especially in summer.
For more information about Newcastle we recommend Google and the following sources: