Lucca is the capital of the Italian province of the same name and has a long history dating back to the Etruscans. In the city you can still find some relics from ancient times. The wide city wall is of later date, from the Renaissance.
The city has approximately 90,000 inhabitants.
Lucca is located in region of Tuscany in Italy, on the river Serchio which discharges further southwest into the Ligurian Sea. The city's surroundings are extremely fertile.
Local economy is diverse: paper mills, engineering, and chemical and pharmaceutical industry. Tourism is of major importance to Lucca; the old city itself exerts attraction, but is also an ideal base for trips through Tuscany. There are also some thermal springs in and around the city, some with therapeutic effects.
The nearest airport is Aeroporto Galileo Galilei in Pisa, 27 kilometers southwest of Lucca. You can reach the airport by rental car in two ways: via the A11 and A12, or via the SS12parr. The latter route is much shorter, but travel time is about the same as taking the freeways.
Lucca has good public transport. City buses run frequently, at least during the day. There are also bus connections with several places in the vicinity, including Pisa and Florence. These cities can also be reached by train.
Only residents are allowed to drive within the city walls. You can park your rental car on one of the large parking lots outside the city walls; the largest are near the northern and southern entrance. There are also some (smaller) lots just inside the city walls. The old city is small enough to explore by foot, but you can also rent bicycles.
Lucca has a large choice of accommodations, and room rates are much lower than in Florence or Siena. Ideal for budget travelers who want to discover Tuscany. The attractive, romantic hotels in the old center are more expensive than the guesthouses and bed & breakfasts just outside the city walls. You can also stay at farmhouses (agritourism) in Lucca's vicinity; in that case a rental car is useful.
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